Chad reviewed under the UPR
Wednesday, 06 May 2009 08:26


Chad was reviewed by the Working Group on the universal periodic review (UPR) on the afternoon of 5 May, in a well attended and relatively high quality interactive dialogue. The Minister for Human Rights and the Promotion of Freedom presented the Chadian report and in particular offered a standing invitation to all special procedures mandate holders. He attempted to answer some of the questions and recommendations posed, however such was the volume that only some recurring themes could be addressed substantively. Highlights included:


  • States wanted to know what the Government of Chad has been doing to demobilise and reintegrate child soldiers back into civil society. Of particular concern was the recruitment of children in IDP camps in the East of the country by armed groups, and in this regard Chad was encouraged to continue its cooperation with UNICEF. Chad responded that it had undertaken a fact-finding mission but found no such child soldiers
  • Many States addressed the issue of gender discrimination being rife in society, manifesting itself in sexual violence towards women, female genital mutilation, forced marriage, and lack of education. They furthermore recommended that Chad bring perpetrators to justice and foster a new environment of respect for the equal rights of women
  • Many States recommendations focused the culture of impunity, in particular on the ineffective application of the law in respect of prosecuting those who commit acts of torture or rape, and encouraged the Government to enforce its criminal laws more effectively
  • It was repeatedly recommended that Chad should implement training programmes on the relevant human rights standards for its judges, gendarmes and soldiers. Associated to this was the recommendation to take further steps to eradicate illiteracy among these forces, which impedes their application of the laws Many recommendations concerned the need to ensure and protect the rights of the great number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Chad. Further cooperation with UNICEF and other international bodies was emphasised
  • A Committee of Inquiry has been set up to investigate the internal uprising of February 2008, but several States recommended the identification and prosecution of those responsible for disappearances during and after that time, especially that of former opposition leader Ibni Saleh.


On 7 March the Working group considered the outcome of the review. Chad accepted 85 of the recommendations made to it. It committed to examine the following recommendations:


  • ensure appropriate penalties for female genital mutilation, forced marriages and sexual violence
  • amend legislation to ensure equal succession and inheritance rights for women
  • re-introduce the moratorium on the death penalty
  • continue exercising its sovereign right to implement the domestic penal code, including applying the death penalty
  • take measures to ensure protection of civilians and vulnerable groups
  • give access to the ICRC to all detention facilities
  • prosecute those responsible for crimes against women,
  • provide assistance to women victims of sexual violence
  • intensify efforts to reintegrate demobilised child soldiers
  • make it a priority to end impunity for gender based violence
  • strengthen the criminal justice system, and enhance the capacity regarding the administration of justice to end impunity
  • ensure specific human rights training for judicial staff
  • improve the situation of refugees and IDPs.

Chad rejected 13 recommendations. These concerned the human rights goals adopted by the Council, repealing the press law, respecting the rights of refugees and IDPs, investigating and prosecute crimes against human rights defenders, establishing a specific judicial mechanism to address sexual violence crimes, stringent selection of and training for public officials, ensuring 18 years as the minimum age for recruitment into the military, abolishing the state of emergency, reforming the judiciary and ensuring separation of powers, concrete measures to protect journalists and human rights defenders, strengthening the humanitarian nature of refugee and IDP camps and enhancing protection of those persons, ensuring revisions of the electoral code to bring it in line with international standards.


Last Updated on Friday, 08 May 2009 09:16
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