Canada reviewed under the UPR
Tuesday, 03 February 2009 08:10


On 3 February 2009, the UPR Working Group reviewed Canada. The large delegation was headed by Mr John Sims, Deputy Minister in the Department of Justice. The review attracted a lot of interest from States with more than 65 wanting to take part. The review was characterised by a high level of interest in Canada’s cooperation with and performance within the international human rights system, in particular as a member of the Human Rights Council. Some States argued that Canada was not fulfilling its international obligations as a result of ‘double-standards and selectivity’ in its position on Council resolutions dealing with the occupied Palestinian territories, and urged it to change its stance. Some States also urged Canada to review its withdrawal from the Durban Review Conference.The questions and recommendations made covered the following issues:


  • Several States focused on Canada’s lack of support for the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and strongly urged the Government to reconsider its position. In relation to the situation of Aboriginal peoples in Canada, many States also expressed concerns about discrimination and disadvantage suffered in the areas of housing, education and employment. They urged the Government to step up its efforts to ensure the full protection of the rights of Aboriginal peoples, in particular women
  • Many States raised concerns about racism and racially motivated violence, in particular against Arab and Muslim minorities and Afro-Canadian persons. Concerns were also expressed about the use of racial profiling in the context of policing. States urged Canada to address root causes of racism and increase its efforts to criminalise and prosecute racist violence
  • Several States commented on the prevalence of domestic violence, in particular against Aboriginal women. They recommended that Canada adopt specific criminal legislation and a national action plan on violence against Aboriginal women as well as take measures to provide effective protection and redress to victims
  • Other issues raised included: ratification of a number of international instruments, trafficking, poverty, policy on clemency from foreign governments in relation to the death penalty, use of taser guns by police, juvenile justice, and the situation of migrants.
  • Finally, many States urged Canada to establish an effective and inclusive process involving civil society to follow-up on the outcome of the UPR.  


Click here for general information about the UPR and previous reviews of this session. Download the timetable for the remainder of the 4th session.



Last Updated on Tuesday, 03 February 2009 10:06
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